England and Wales is a unified legal jurisdiction consisting of the nations of England and Wales. It is a common law system which operates under English law.

The legal systems of England and Wales were unified by the Laws in Wales Acts 1535 and 1542 under King Henry VIII.

Some legislative power has been devolved to Wales since 1999, but the two countries still share a legal system.

The court system of England and Wales consists of the magistrates’ courts, the County Court, the Crown Court, the High Court, the Court of Appeal, and the Supreme Court. Each court hears different types of cases depending on their nature, severity and complexity. They are arranged in a hierarchy so that cases heard in an inferior court can be referred for appeal to the next court up.

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